PGE Group conducts systematic activities aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Specific emissions of carbon dioxide are being systematically reduced. This is the result of asset modernisation and development investments. Each year high capital expenditures are allocated for this purpose. Among other things, combustion processes are being optimised and solutions are being introduced to improve generation efficiency, increase effectiveness of fuel and raw material use and reduce energy intensity of generation processes and auxiliary purposes.
The Bełchatów power plant is a significant point source of greenhouse gas emissions. This is due to the fact that it is the largest unit in Poland and in the world generating electricity based on the combustion of lignite, which causes the accumulation of emissions in one location and their significant absolute values. It should be emphasised that in 2020 the Bełchatów plant reduced its CO2 emissions by 15% compared to those in 2012. In this period, CO2 emissions decreased by approximately 5 million tonnes.
The implementation of projects providing for the combustion of natural gas as a transitional fuel supports the transition towards climate neutrality. The construction of two new CCGT units at the Dolna Odra plant is a project of strategic importance for the Polish economy and at the same time important from the perspective of lowering the costs of energy transition. The average CO2 emission values of the new units are more than twice lower than the current average emission values for power generation in the National Power System (NPS). This means that the new units will result in a reduction of CO2 emissions from energy production in the NPS by approximately 2-3 million tonnes per year.